An uncontrolled cell division in the testicles or testes results in testicular cancer. Although rare cancer, it still is observed in men between 15-45 years.
Types of Testicular Cancer
- Depending on the growth rate testicular cancers are of the following types
- Seminoma: This is a common type of testicular cancer which is slow-growing and it is responsive to therapies
- Non-seminoma: This is a rare and fast-growing cancer which is unresponsive to therapies.
The common symptoms of testicular cancer are:
- Heaviness in the scrotum
- Lump in the testes
- Swelling in the scrotum
- Pain in the abdomen and groin
- Pain in the testes
- Shrinking of testicles
The exact cause of testicular cancer is unknown. The possible causes, however, are:
- Undescended testicle
- Family history
- Abnormal testicle development
- HIV infection
- Exposure to harmful chemicals
The treatment strategy for prostate cancer depends on the stage and type of cancer, age, and overall health of the patient. Surgery is usually the mainstay of the treatment. It may be combined with chemotherapy and radiation therapy for better outcomes.
- Surgery: The doctor will either remove cancer affected testicle or remove the testicle along with surrounding lymph nodes to prevent the cancer from spreading.
- Radiation therapy: High-energy X-rays will be used to destroy cancer cells.
- Chemotherapy: High doses of anti-cancer drugs will be administered to destroy cancer cells. In some cases, chemotherapy is combined with radiation therapy to remove cells from the body